Mercuric Nitrate Chemical Structure

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What is Mercuric Nitrate

Mercuric Nitrate is an inorganic compound which occurs as a colourless or white crystalline solid. It is soluble in water, nitric acid, acetone, and ammonia but insoluble in alcohol. It is generally synthesized by treating mercury with hot concentrated nitric acid.

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PRODUCT NAME Mercuric Nitrate
IUPAC Name mercury(2+);dinitrate;hydrate
SYNONYMS Mercuric nitrate monohydrate; Mercury(II) nitrate hydrate; Nitrato de mercúrio; nitrato mercurico; Nitrate mercurique; nitrato di mercurio
CAS No 7783-34-8
Molecular Formula H2HgN2O7
Molecular Weight 342.62 g/mol
Pubchem CID 3084029
Pubchem SID 462770297


SR. No Criteria Limit/Specification
1 Appearance (Color) White to Off-white
2 Appearance (Form) Solid crystal, powder and/or chunks
3 Titration by KCNS(% Hg) ≥ 57.4%
4 ICP Confirms Mercury Component
5 Trace Metal analysis ≤ 100.0 ppm
6 Purity ≥ 99.99 %
7 Residue after reduction ≤ 0.01 %
8 Chloride Content ≤ 0.002 %
9 Iron (Fe) ≤ 0.001 %
10 Sulfate ≤ 0.002 %


  • Mercuric nitrate has been used in the mercuration of ketones.
  • It was formerly used in carroting felt for hats.


Q. Is Mercuric Nitrate toxic?

Mercury compounds are highly toxic. Mercuric Nitrate is toxic when inhaled, ingested, or if comes into contact with the skin. It may cause irritation and target the kidney, GI tract, nerves, and blood.

Q. What happens when Mercury nitrate is heated?

When solid Mercury(II) nitrate is heated, it decomposes to form solid mercury(II) oxide, gaseous nitrogen dioxide, and oxygen.


Mercury Salts | Examples, Applications & Associated Hazards

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