Silver Citrate Chemical Structure

What is Silver Citrate?

Silver Citrate belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tricarboxylic acids and derivatives. It occurs as a white to off-white crystalline powder with very limited solubility in water.

Macsen Laboratories is the leading manufacturer and supplier of high quality Silver Citrate.
Name of Product Silver Citrate
IUPAC Name trisilver;2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Synonyms Trisilver citrate; Silver(I) citrate; Citric acid trisilver salt
CAS No 126-45-4
Molecular Formula C6H5Ag3O7
Molecular Weight 512.70 g/mol
Pubchem CID 101599

Chemical Properties

SR. No Criteria Limit/Specification
1 Appearance (Form) Solid Powder
2 Appearance (Color) Off-White to Dark Grey
3 Solubility (In water) 60.1 mg/mL
4 Sodium (Na) ≤ 0.05%
5 Assay ≥ 98.0%


  • Silver citrate may be employed in certain medical products, such as wound dressings, bandages, and topical formulations to impart antimicrobial properties.
  • Some personal care products, such as soaps, shampoos, and skincare formulations, may include silver citrate as a preservative. Owing to its antimicrobial properties, it inhibits the development of micro-organisms in cosmetic products and maintain their stability.
  • It is also used in deodorants, gels, intimate hygiene, foot care products and wet wipes.


Q. Is silver citrate safe for skin?

The safety of silver citrate for the skin depends on several factors, including the concentration of silver citrate used, the specific formulation, and the intended application. Thus, one should consult a registered health practitioner for accurate information.

Q. What is silver dihydrogen citrate?

Silver dihydrogen citrate (SDC) is a silver-based antimicrobial compound, having molecular formula Ag₂H₂C₆H₅O₇. It is a complex formed by combining silver ions with citric acid.

Q. Is silver citrate natural?

Silver citrate is a chemical compound formed by the combination of silver ions (Ag+) with citrate ions (C6H5O73−) through various methods.

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