Silver nitrate also called Lunar caustic, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula AgNO3 which occurs as an odourless, colourless or white crystalline solid with an orthorhombic structure. The chemical reaction between Silver (Ag) and Nitric Acid (HNO3) results in the formation of Silver Nitrate. It has antiseptic properties. It has a wide range of applications in many fields such as biology, chemical synthesis, and medicine.
|Name of Product||Silver Nitrate|
|Synonyms||Lunar caustic; Silver (1+) nitrate; Nitric acid, silver (1+) salt; nitrato de prata; nitrato d'argento; nitrato de plata; nitrate d'argent|
|Molar Mass||169.873 g/mol|
|1||APPEARANCE||White or almost white, crystalline powder or transparent, colorless crystals.|
|2||SOLUBILITY||Very soluble in water, soluble in ethanol (96%) .|
|3||IDENTIFICATION||A. 10mg gives the reaction of nitrates.
B. 10mg gives the reaction of silver.
|4||APPEARANCE OF SOLUTION||Solution is clear and colorless.|
|5||Foreign salts||Maximum 0.3%|
|6||Acidity or alkalinity||Must pass test|
|7||Aluminum, lead, copper and bismuth||Must pass test|
|8||Assay||99.0 % to 100.5 %|
Acute side effects caused by silver nitrate include:
Chronic effects due to long term exposure to Silver Nitrate are:
Q. Is Silver nitrate soluble in water?
Silver nitrate is highly soluble in water with a solubility of about 245 g/100 g of water.
Q. How long does silver nitrate stay on the skin?
If you detect silver nitrate instantly on your skin, you can remove it immediately with a cloth or paper towel, this stain will only last a few days. If your skin is dry, the silver nitrate might take 4 to 5 days to come off the skin.
Q. Is Silver Nitrate Carcinogenic?
Silver Nitrate has not been tested for its ability to cause cancer in animals. Thus, adequate data is not available regarding its carcinogenicity.
Q. How to use silver nitrate sticks?
Silver nitrate sticks come in the form of wooden sticks with 75% silver nitrate and 25% potassium nitrate on the tip. The chemical compounds are activated with moisture either through the application of water or by contacting a moist membrane or wound. The stick should be applied to the wound with a gentle, rolling motion. Two minutes of application time is usually sufficient, but treatment will vary case by case.
Q. What happens when Silver nitrate reacts with Sodium chloride?
Sodium chloride (NaCl) reacts with silver nitrate (AgNO3) to produce silver chloride (AgCl) and sodium nitrate (NaNO3).