Sodium azide is an inorganic compound and is the sodium salt of hydrazoic acid. It is an ionic solid, existing in two crystalline forms – rhombohedral and hexagonal. It has a high solubility in water. It has a high level of acute toxicity.
|Name of Product||Sodium azide|
|Synonyms||Sodium trinitride; Smite; Azium; Hydrazoic acid sodium salt; Natriumazid; Azoture de sodium; azidosodium; Sodium, azoture de|
|Molar Mass||65.010 g/mol|
|1||Appearance (Form)||Solid Powder, Crystals|
|2||Appearance (Color)||Colorless to White|
|5||Melting point||275 °C|
|6||Solubility|| Highly soluble in ammonia and water
Slightly soluble in ethanol and benzene
Insoluble in ether, acetone, hexane, chloroform
|7||Solubility (In Water)|| 38.9 g/100 mL (0 °C)
40.8 g/100 mL (20 °C)
55.3 g/100 mL (100 °C)
|9||Decomposition||When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and disodium oxide|
Sodium azide is fatally toxic, and even minute quantities can induce symptoms. It results in extrapyramidal symptoms in addition to necrosis of the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. Hypotension, blindness, and hepatic necrosis may also be the symptoms of toxicity.
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