Carmoisine, also known as, Azorubine, Acid Red 14, Red 10, and Food Red 3, is a dye belonging to the group of azo dyes. It is a synthetic red food dye consisting of two naphthalene subunits. It is approved in the EU and India but is not on the lists of approved food colors in the U.S. (was listed in 1939 as FD&C Red No. 10, but later removed in 1963) and in Canada. It is often used alone or in conjunction with other synthetic dyes such as Allura red and Ponceau 4R.
|Name of Product||Carmoisine|
|Synonyms||Azorubine; Food Red 3; Azorubin S; Brillantcarmoisin O; Acid Red 14; Chromotrope FB; Brilliant Crimson Red; FD&C Red No. 10|
|Molecular Weight||502.4 g/mol|
|Color Index No||14720|
|1||Appearance (form)||Solid crystalline powder or granules|
|2||Appearance (color)||Reddish-brown to Dark maroon|
|3||Melting Point||> 300 °C (572 °F; 573 K)|
|4||Solubility||Soluble in Water (120g/L), Glycerine, Propylene glycol
Slightly soluble in Ethanol
Insoluble in Vegetable Oils
|5||Total Dye Content||Min. 87 %|
|6||Loss on Drying (at 135°C) & Sodium Chlorides & Sulphates||NMT 14.0 %|
|7||Water Insoluble Matter||NMT 0.2 %|
|8||Combined Ether Extracts||NMT 0.2 %|
|9||Subsidiary Dyes||NMT 1.0 %|
Q. Is Carmoisine safe for humans?
There is no indication that Carmoisine has either mutagenic or carcinogenic characteristics. The FDA has approved it as safe for human consumption within the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0–4 mg/kg.
Q. What are the side effects of Carmoisine?
No side effects are reported with use of carmoisine dye. In extremely rare cases, it may induce allergic responses in the skin and the respiratory system.
Q. Is Carmoisine vegan?
Carmoisine is a vegan dye and is used as a food colorant.
Q. Is Carmoisine a dangerous good?
Carmoisine food color is not classified as dangerous in the meaning of transport regulations.
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