Quinoline Yellow belongs to the class of quinophthalone dyes. It is a beta-diketone and an aromatic ketone in addition to being a derivative of quinoline, having E number E104. Mostly, it is employed in the food industry as a coloring agent.
|Name of Product||Quinoline Yellow|
|Synonyms||Quinophthalone; Solvent yellow 33; 11641 Yellow; Erio Chinoline Yellow 4G; 2-(2-Quinolyl)-1,3-indandione; D&C Yellow No. 11; Amarelo Quinolina; Jaune de quinoléine|
|Molecular Weight||273.3 g/mol|
|Color Index No||47000|
|1||Appearance (form)||Solid Powder or Granules|
|2||Appearance (colour)||Bright-greenish Yellow or Canary Yellow|
|3||Melting Point||241 °C|
|4||Solubility||Soluble in acetone, benzene, toluene and xylene; Slightly soluble in ethyl acetate, linseed oil, mineral oil, paraffin wax and stearic acid|
|5||Solubility (Color)||Yellow to Very Dark Yellow|
|6||LogP||log Kow = 4.10|
Q. What is Quinoline Yellow Aluminium Lake?
Quinoline Yellow has the potential to be transformed into it’s equivalent aluminium lake, a pseudo-pigment form, by precipitating it with aluminium hydroxide in the form of an aluminium salt.
Q. What is the difference between Quinoline Yellow SS and Quinoline Yellow WS?
Quinoline Yellow SS is the “spirit-soluble” form of the dye and Quinoline Yellow WS is the “water-soluble” form of the dye.
Q. Is Quinoline Yellow toxic?
Quinoline Yellow has not been linked to any significant kind of long-term toxicity, it is not genotoxic or carcinogenic, and there is no indication that it has any negative impact on reproduction or development.
Q. Why was Quinoline Yellow banned?
A study commissioned by the UK’s Food Standards Agency found that when Quinoline Yellow used in a mixture of other preservatives (as in case of beverages), increased levels of hyperactivity in children, ADHD-like behavior, were observed. Thus, its use was banned by the European regulatory community but was permitted again since 2009.
Food Dyes | An overview of all the dyes currently used in Food